Central church of Christ 

New Smyrna Beach, Fl 

Sunday Bible Study, 9:00 a.m.    Sunday Worship, 10:00 a.m.     Wednesday Bible Study, 7:00p.m.

1st Peter

1st Peter


LESSON 1: Understanding Peter.

The Author


1)  The obvious author of this letter is ________________________________ (1 Pet 1:1).


2)  He is also known as

     a. ____________________________ and _______________________________ (John 1:42).

     b. _______________________________ (Acts 15:14).


3)  He had a __________________________ (1 Cor 9:5).


4)  He was a from the city of ________________________ (John 1:44), But he lived in ________________________ (Mark 1:21-31).


5)  His brother’s name was _________________________________ (John 1:40-41).


6)  Before they were called as disciples of Jesus, they were____________________ (Matt 4:18-20).


7)  They were both selected as apostles after Jesus had ___________________________________________________ (Lk 6:12-16).



His Key Characteristics


At first…


1)  He acknowledged that he was ____________________________________________ (Luke 5:8).


2)  Sometimes had little faith and was presumptuous (Matt. 16:22; John 13:8; 18:10) and timid (Matt. 14:30).


3)  Sometimes he was spiritually perceptive (Matt. 16:16; John 6:68).


4)  Inquisitive (Matthew 15:15; 18:21).


5)  Attained preeminence above the others. In the lists of the 12 just mentioned, Simon’s name always appears first, and Matthew 10:2 prefaces his name with “first.” Also, the Twelve are often designated “Peter and those with him” (Mk 1:35-38; Lk 9:32).


6)  Outspoken and often acted and spoke on behalf of the other disciples (Mk 9:1-5; Lk 8:45).


7)  Often displayed empty boldness (Matt 26:31-35; John 18:10-11).


8)  Often lacked the courage to be steadfast (Luke 22:54-62; Galatians 2:11-14).



His Key Characteristics

Later…



1)  He became a leader. Jesus said that He would give Peter _________________________________ (Matt 16:19; Acts 2:14-41; Acts 10).


2)  He was a minister to the ___________________________________________ (Galatians 2:7-8).


3)  Paul would later describe Peter as one of the ________________________ of the church in Jerusalem (Galatians 2:9).


4)  Displayed extraordinary courage and faith

     a.  After healing a lame man at the temple, he addressed the amazed crowd by boldly 

     giving glory to ________________________ and preached a heart convicting sermon demanding the people to ________________________ 

     (Acts 3:11-19).


     b.  He confidently defended his actions before the same council that was responsible for putting Jesus to 

     death. Upon seeing Peter and John’s boldness, the councils reaction was ____________________________________________ (Acts 4:1-14).


     c.  He condemned the deceitful actions of _____________________ and ___________________ (Acts 5:1-10). His boldness to address sin in the         church made a significant impression on the whole church (Acts 5:11).


     d.  After defying the command of High Priest and the Sadducees (to stop preaching in Jesus’ name) Peter and the 

     apostles responded boldly by saying, “_________________________

     ___________________________________________________________” (Acts 5:27-29).


     e.  He boldly defended his special ministry to the Gentiles (Acts 11).



5)  His death was special because ______________________________________________________________________________ (John 21:18-19).



Lesson 1 Questions


1)  What do you think was Peter’s greatest flaw?

2)  What do you think was his greatest strength?

3)   Is there a key characteristic of Peter’s that sticks out, when considering the spiritual journey that we as servants of Christ must all take?

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



    1st Peter


    LESSON 2: Understanding 1stPeter.


    The Audience

    Christians described as: “elect exiles, strangers,

    chosen, pilgrims, aliens.”




    The Dispersion 

    1)  Jewish and Gentile Christians scattered?
    2) Diaspora Jews? Diaspora, a Greek noun meaning a “sowing” or “scattering,” is regularly used 
         in the Septuagint to mean “exile” (Jer 25:34; cf. Is 11:12; Ez 20:23; Zep 3:10).

         a. Northern Kingdom of Israel (722 B.C. By the Assyrians).

         b. Southern Kingdom of Israel (586 B.C. By the Babylonians).

         c. Egyptian King Ptolemy I (deported Jews to Alexandria 300 B.C.)

         d. Rome deported many Jews to Rome. Many became slaves to Pompey.




    Pontus 

    1)  Roman Province just south of the Black Sea in Asia Minor.
    2)  Colonized by the Greeks shortly after 700 B.C..
    3)  Founded as a kingdom in about 302 B.C., and it remained until 63B.C. when Rome took over.
    4)  Home of Aquilla, the tentmaker (Acts 18:1-2).


    Galatia
    1)  In 25 B.C. Galatia became a Roman province: Included in its boundaries were Lycaonia, Derbe, 
         Lystra, Iconium, and Pisidian Antioch.
    2)  A cosmopolitan area of both Jews and Gentiles.
    3)  Known for: sturdy independence, revelings, an inquisitive disposition, easily impressed with 
         new ideas, easily turned, and fickleness.


    Cappadocia
    1)  Possibly the original home of the Philistines.
    2)  Noted for its wheat, cattle, and horses, it also exported alabaster, silver, and lead.
    3)  Possessed important many trade routes.
    4)  The area was controlled or dominated by the Hittites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, 
          Seleucids, and Romans.
    5)  Was established as an imperial province, in 17 B.C. by (meaning that its governor was directly 
          appointed by the Roman Emperor). Emperor Tiberius.
    6)  Today the region of Cappadocia is in central Turkey, which is predominantly Muslim.


    Asia
    1)  Asia Minor (Modern Day Turkey). In NT times, the Roman province immediately east of the 
         Aegean Sea. The province was established in 133 B.C. out of the kingdom left to the Romans 
         in the will of Attalus III, king of Pergamum.
    2)  Paul taught the gospel to all of Asia (Acts 19:8-10; 1 Cor 16:8-9).
    3)  Jesus admonished 7 churches in Asia (Revelation 2-3).


    Bithynia
    1)  Bithynia was occupied by a Thracian tribe that established a prosperous kingdom there in the 
         3rd century B.C. In 75 B.C., Bithynia’s last king, (Nicomedes III), willed his kingdom to the 
         Roman people, it became part of the Roman empire.
    2)  Holy Spirit forbade Paul from traveling here on 2nd gospel tour (Acts 16:7).
    3)  Early in the 2nd century its Roman governor, Pliny the Younger, corresponded with emperor 
         Trajan—the earliest stated imperial policy on persecution of Christians.
    4)  The church councils of Nicaea (325) and Chalcedon (451) were held in two of Bithynia’s western cities.

    5)   Council of Nicaea declared the full deity of Christ and the observance of Easter.

    6)  Council of Chalcedon made pronouncements on the nature of the person of Christ and the canonicity 

          of the 27 NT books.




    Peter’s Message


    The readers of the apostle Peter’s letter were

    1)Confused and discouraged by the persecution they were encountering because of their faith.

    Peter exhorted them

    1)  To stand strong, repeatedly reminding them of Christ’s example, the riches of their inheritance 
          in him, and the hope of his returning again to take them to heaven.
    2)  Peter explained how Christians should respond when they suffer because of their beliefs.

    Called the “apostle of hope,” Peter’s primary message is to

    1)  Trust the Lord,
    2)  Live obediently no matter what your circumstances, and
    3)  Keep your hope fixed on God’s ultimate promise of deliverance.

    Suffering is to be expected, but it is temporary and yields great blessings for those who remain 

    steadfast. Peter probably wrote this letter in the mid-60s a.d. -ESV 1st Peter introduction



    Thematic Outline

    Chapter 1: Born Again.

    Chapter 2: You Are Special To God.

    Chapter 3: The Power of Submission.

    Chapter 4: Response To Suffering.

    Chapter 5: The Significance Shepherds During Trying Times.





    1st Peter


    LESSON 3: Born Again.

    (Read 1 Peter 1:1-25)


    I)  A brief summary of the new spiritual life (1 Pet 1:1-2).

        A) Elect. Is an important concept used throughout Scripture.

             1) Sometimes translated, “Chosen (one’s)”

             2) In Scripture, the word is primarily used to identify and describe God’s people.

                  a. O.T. Israel and its leaders (Acts 13:17; 1 Sam 10:24; 2 Sam 6:21).

             3) Israel became God’s people, not because they decided to belong to Him, but because 

                  He took the initiative and chose them. Nor did God’s choice rest on any particular

                  virtues that His people exemplified, but rather on His promise to their forefathers (Dt 7:7, 8).

             4) The word indicates God’s prerogative in deciding what will happen, independently of human 

                  choice. This does not however nullify human choice in response.

             5)  N.T. God’s people are described as “elect/chosen ones”

                  a. Used by Jesus (Mk 14:20,27; Lk18:7).

                  b. Used by N.T. writers (Ro 8:33; Eph 1:4; Col 3:12; 2 Tim 2:10; 1 Pet 1:1; 2 Pet 1:10; Rev 17:14).

             6) The use of the word “election” emphasizes that membership of God’s people is due to God’s 

                  initiative, prior to all human response, made before time began (Eph 1:4; Jn 15:16, 19). It is God 

                  who has called men and women to be His people, and those who respond are elect.

                  a. God’s call does not depend on any virtues or merits of humankind (Eph 2:8-9).

             7) Spiritual Duty Of The elect. The elect:

                  a. Are distinguished by their faith in God (Ti 1:1).

                  b. Are called to show the character that befits God’s people (Col 3:12).

                  c. Must make their calling and election sure (2 Pt 1:1-10).



    B)  God’s Foreknowledge. Is a key theme of salvation, throughout the N.T.

           1) It reveals the fact that God knew and determined beforehand what He would do 

                (Titus 1:1-3; Eph 1:3-5; 2Tim 1:8-10).

           2) It does not mean that God determined beforehand who would be saved and who would 

               be lost, without having a chance to respond—that would make God a respecter of persons 

               (Acts 10:34-35) and would conflict with His personal desire for the human race (1 Ti 2:1-6; 2 Pe 3:9).



    C) Spirit Sanctification.

          1) Translations

               a. nasb: “by the sanctifying work of the Spirit…”

               b. leb: “by the sanctification of the Spirit…”

          2) The Spirit’s Role in Sanctification of the Saints

               a. Through His Word & spiritual transformation (Ac 2:38-39; Titus 3:4-7).

               b. Spiritual identification & fellowship (1 Cor 6:9-11; Ro 8:9-16).



    D) Obedience to Jesus Christ.

           1) This was in accordance to God’s plan all along.

               a. Genesis 49:10.

               b. John 3:35-36.

               c. Romans 15:18.

               d. Hebrews 5:9.



    E) For Sprinkling With His Blood

         1) This refers to “Covenant Language.”

              a. Exo 24:1-8.

              b. Hebrews 9.




    II)  The Relationship of Trials to God’s Purpose in Salvation (1 Pet 1:3-12)

           A) The Blessings of Salvation (1 Pet 1:3-5)

                  1) According to Peter, why should God the Father be highly blessed, because of his mercy?

                  2) How does the resurrection of Christ provide His followers with a “Living Hope?” 

                       (consider Rom 1:4; 1 Cor 15:17-23; 1 Thes 4:13-18).

                  3) Peter’s audience suffered displacement and experienced uncertainty about their future. 

                      How could revelation of this inheritance (1:4-5) become a sense of comfort for

                      them? For us?


           B) The Reality of Trials (1 Pet 1:6-9)

                 1) Trials will come despite the blessedness of our current and future status in Christ. 

                     How long will God’s people be grieved by them, compared to eternity? (1 Pet 1:6).

                     a) Do you think that some of these “Various Trials” may refer to more than persecution 

                         and encompass the full range of human experience: sickness, injury, natural disaster, 

                         financial loss, poverty, hunger, and death?

                 2) The ultimate glory that God’s people will receive is so stupendous that the sufferings of 

                      this present time are… (Ro 8:18).



           C) Strengthening Confidence During Trials (1 Pet 1:10-12)

                  1) Our salvation was the subject of ancient prophecy (1 Pet. 1:10a).

                  2) The ancient prophets were intrigued about our salvation, tried to learn more about it 

                      (1 Pet. 1:10-11).

                  3) The ancient prophets gave up their lives to serve us! (1 Pet. 1:12).

                  4) Even the angles of heaven are excited about our salvation! (1 Pet. 1:12).


    How does this make you feel?




    III)  Continue To Live As You Were Taught! (1 Pet. 1:13-25)
            A) Stay Spiritually Focused (1 Pet. 1:13-14).
                   1) “Therefore, preparing your minds for action…” This idiom, which is often 
                       rendered as “gird up the loins of your mind,” refers to the ancient practice of 
                       men tucking their long robes into their belt when they needed to move quickly. 
                       What does this say about the life of Jesus’ followers? (see also Luke 12:35-40).
                   2) What does it mean to be sober-minded (1 Pet 1:13-17) and How does it relate to this?
                   3)  Does the substance of our redemption have a bearing on our behavior? If so, how 
                        and why? (1 Pet 1:18-19).
                     4) How is one’s soul purified? How should purification of the soul affect my concern 
                          for others? (1 Pet 1:22-23).
                      5) How does Peter describe the Word that had been taught to these dispersed exiles?