LESSON 1: Understanding Peter.
1) The obvious author of this letter is ________________________________ (1 Pet 1:1).
2) He is also known as
a. ____________________________ and _______________________________ (John 1:42).
b. _______________________________ (Acts 15:14).
3) He had a __________________________ (1 Cor 9:5).
4) He was a from the city of ________________________ (John 1:44), But he lived in ________________________ (Mark 1:21-31).
5) His brother’s name was _________________________________ (John 1:40-41).
6) Before they were called as disciples of Jesus, they were____________________ (Matt 4:18-20).
7) They were both selected as apostles after Jesus had ___________________________________________________ (Lk 6:12-16).
His Key Characteristics
1) He acknowledged that he was ____________________________________________ (Luke 5:8).
2) Sometimes had little faith and was presumptuous (Matt. 16:22; John 13:8; 18:10) and timid (Matt. 14:30).
3) Sometimes he was spiritually perceptive (Matt. 16:16; John 6:68).
4) Inquisitive (Matthew 15:15; 18:21).
5) Attained preeminence above the others. In the lists of the 12 just mentioned, Simon’s name always appears first, and Matthew 10:2 prefaces his name with “first.” Also, the Twelve are often designated “Peter and those with him” (Mk 1:35-38; Lk 9:32).
6) Outspoken and often acted and spoke on behalf of the other disciples (Mk 9:1-5; Lk 8:45).
7) Often displayed empty boldness (Matt 26:31-35; John 18:10-11).
8) Often lacked the courage to be steadfast (Luke 22:54-62; Galatians 2:11-14).
His Key Characteristics
1) He became a leader. Jesus said that He would give Peter _________________________________ (Matt 16:19; Acts 2:14-41; Acts 10).
2) He was a minister to the ___________________________________________ (Galatians 2:7-8).
3) Paul would later describe Peter as one of the ________________________ of the church in Jerusalem (Galatians 2:9).
4) Displayed extraordinary courage and faith
a. After healing a lame man at the temple, he addressed the amazed crowd by boldly
giving glory to ________________________ and preached a heart convicting sermon demanding the people to ________________________
b. He confidently defended his actions before the same council that was responsible for putting Jesus to
death. Upon seeing Peter and John’s boldness, the councils reaction was ____________________________________________ (Acts 4:1-14).
c. He condemned the deceitful actions of _____________________ and ___________________ (Acts 5:1-10). His boldness to address sin in the church made a significant impression on the whole church (Acts 5:11).
d. After defying the command of High Priest and the Sadducees (to stop preaching in Jesus’ name) Peter and the
apostles responded boldly by saying, “_________________________
___________________________________________________________” (Acts 5:27-29).
e. He boldly defended his special ministry to the Gentiles (Acts 11).
5) His death was special because ______________________________________________________________________________ (John 21:18-19).
Lesson 1 Questions
1) What do you think was Peter’s greatest flaw?
2) What do you think was his greatest strength?
3) Is there a key characteristic of Peter’s that sticks out, when considering the spiritual journey that we as servants of Christ must all take?
LESSON 2: Understanding 1stPeter.
Christians described as: “elect exiles, strangers,
chosen, pilgrims, aliens.”
a. Northern Kingdom of Israel (722 B.C. By the Assyrians).
b. Southern Kingdom of Israel (586 B.C. By the Babylonians).
c. Egyptian King Ptolemy I (deported Jews to Alexandria 300 B.C.)
d. Rome deported many Jews to Rome. Many became slaves to Pompey.
5) Council of Nicaea declared the full deity of Christ and the observance of Easter.
6) Council of Chalcedon made pronouncements on the nature of the person of Christ and the canonicity
of the 27 NT books.
The readers of the apostle Peter’s letter were
Peter exhorted them
Called the “apostle of hope,” Peter’s primary message is to
Suffering is to be expected, but it is temporary and yields great blessings for those who remain
steadfast. Peter probably wrote this letter in the mid-60s a.d. -ESV 1st Peter introduction
Chapter 1: Born Again.
Chapter 2: You Are Special To God.
Chapter 3: The Power of Submission.
Chapter 4: Response To Suffering.
Chapter 5: The Significance Shepherds During Trying Times.
LESSON 3: Born Again.
(Read 1 Peter 1:1-25)
A) Elect. Is an important concept used throughout Scripture.
1) Sometimes translated, “Chosen (one’s)”
2) In Scripture, the word is primarily used to identify and describe God’s people.
a. O.T. Israel and its leaders (Acts 13:17; 1 Sam 10:24; 2 Sam 6:21).
3) Israel became God’s people, not because they decided to belong to Him, but because
He took the initiative and chose them. Nor did God’s choice rest on any particular
virtues that His people exemplified, but rather on His promise to their forefathers (Dt 7:7, 8).
4) The word indicates God’s prerogative in deciding what will happen, independently of human
choice. This does not however nullify human choice in response.
5) N.T. God’s people are described as “elect/chosen ones”
a. Used by Jesus (Mk 14:20,27; Lk18:7).
b. Used by N.T. writers (Ro 8:33; Eph 1:4; Col 3:12; 2 Tim 2:10; 1 Pet 1:1; 2 Pet 1:10; Rev 17:14).
6) The use of the word “election” emphasizes that membership of God’s people is due to God’s
initiative, prior to all human response, made before time began (Eph 1:4; Jn 15:16, 19). It is God
who has called men and women to be His people, and those who respond are elect.
a. God’s call does not depend on any virtues or merits of humankind (Eph 2:8-9).
7) Spiritual Duty Of The elect. The elect:
a. Are distinguished by their faith in God (Ti 1:1).
b. Are called to show the character that befits God’s people (Col 3:12).
c. Must make their calling and election sure (2 Pt 1:1-10).
B) God’s Foreknowledge. Is a key theme of salvation, throughout the N.T.
1) It reveals the fact that God knew and determined beforehand what He would do
(Titus 1:1-3; Eph 1:3-5; 2Tim 1:8-10).
2) It does not mean that God determined beforehand who would be saved and who would
be lost, without having a chance to respond—that would make God a respecter of persons
(Acts 10:34-35) and would conflict with His personal desire for the human race (1 Ti 2:1-6; 2 Pe 3:9).
C) Spirit Sanctification.
a. nasb: “by the sanctifying work of the Spirit…”
b. leb: “by the sanctification of the Spirit…”
2) The Spirit’s Role in Sanctification of the Saints
a. Through His Word & spiritual transformation (Ac 2:38-39; Titus 3:4-7).
b. Spiritual identification & fellowship (1 Cor 6:9-11; Ro 8:9-16).
D) Obedience to Jesus Christ.
1) This was in accordance to God’s plan all along.
a. Genesis 49:10.
b. John 3:35-36.
c. Romans 15:18.
d. Hebrews 5:9.
E) For Sprinkling With His Blood
1) This refers to “Covenant Language.”
a. Exo 24:1-8.
b. Hebrews 9.
II) The Relationship of Trials to God’s Purpose in Salvation (1 Pet 1:3-12)
A) The Blessings of Salvation (1 Pet 1:3-5)
1) According to Peter, why should God the Father be highly blessed, because of his mercy?
2) How does the resurrection of Christ provide His followers with a “Living Hope?”
(consider Rom 1:4; 1 Cor 15:17-23; 1 Thes 4:13-18).
3) Peter’s audience suffered displacement and experienced uncertainty about their future.
How could revelation of this inheritance (1:4-5) become a sense of comfort for
them? For us?
B) The Reality of Trials (1 Pet 1:6-9)
1) Trials will come despite the blessedness of our current and future status in Christ.
How long will God’s people be grieved by them, compared to eternity? (1 Pet 1:6).
a) Do you think that some of these “Various Trials” may refer to more than persecution
and encompass the full range of human experience: sickness, injury, natural disaster,
financial loss, poverty, hunger, and death?
2) The ultimate glory that God’s people will receive is so stupendous that the sufferings of
this present time are… (Ro 8:18).
C) Strengthening Confidence During
Trials (1 Pet 1:10-12)
1) Our salvation was the subject of ancient prophecy (1 Pet. 1:10a).
2) The ancient prophets were intrigued about our salvation, tried to learn more about it
(1 Pet. 1:10-11).
3) The ancient prophets gave up their lives to serve us! (1 Pet. 1:12).
4) Even the angles of heaven are excited about our salvation! (1 Pet. 1:12).
How does this make you feel?
To Live As You Were Taught! (1 Pet. 1:13-25)
A) Stay Spiritually Focused (1 Pet. 1:13-14).
1) “Therefore, preparing your minds for action…” This idiom, which is often
3) Does the substance of our redemption have a bearing on our behavior? If so, how
5) How does Peter describe the Word that had been taught to these dispersed exiles?