Central church of Christ 

New Smyrna Beach, Fl 

Sunday Bible Study, 9am.    Sunday Worship, 10am & 5 pm.    Wednesday Bible Study, 7pm.

Dealing With Issues: Guilt.

Primarily a state of being at fault, often accompanied by a feeling of being in the wrong. Guilt can arise through failing to know what is right, through failing to do what is right and through giving in to temptation to do wrong. Scripture affirms that human guilt arises from sin before God, and can only be purged through accepting the forgiveness offered through the death of Jesus Christ.  


Guilt as the objective condition of sinners

Guilt results from intentional sin Lev 6:1-7; Jas 2:10 See also Nu 5:5-7; Dt 24:14-15; Ezr 9:13-15; Eze 22:1-4; Jn 16:7-8.


Guilt results from unintentional sin  Lev 4:13 See also Lev 4:22,27; Ac 3:17-20.


Guilt as an accumulation of sin Hos 13:12 See also Ezr 9:6; Isa 1:4; 24:20.


God’s knowledge of human guilt 

Ps 69:5 See also Ge 4:8-10; Jos 7:1-26; Jer 2:22; 1Co 4:4-5.


God’s anger at human guilt 

2Ch 24:18 See also Nu 32:10-13; 2Ki 22:11-13; Hos 12:13-14; Ro 1:18; 2:5-8; Eph 5:6-7.


God’s determination to punish the guilty 

God himself punishes the guilty  Nu 14:18 See also Ex 20:5; Jer 25:12; Na 1:2-3.


Human judges are to punish the guilty Dt 25:1-3 See also Pr 17:15; 24:23-25; Ro 13:1-5; 1Pe 2:13-14




Human awareness of guilt

Ps 51:3-5 See also Ge 42:21; Ps 32:1-4; Jn 8:3-11; Heb 9:9; 1Jn 3:19-20.


Human beings are held responsible for their guilt

Lev 5:17 See also Isa 24:5-6; Eze 18:19-20; Hos 10:1-2; 13:16; Mt 12:35-36; Ro 14:12; 2Co 5:10; Rev 20:12.


Guilt defiles human life

Isa 59:1-3 See also Ps 51:1-7; Jer 2:22; Heb 10:22




Human experience of guilt:

1) Feelings of guilt in general Heb 10:1-2 See also 2Sa 24:10 pp 1Ch 21:8; 2Co 7:10; Heb 10:22; 1Jn 3:19-20


2) Guilt produces feelings of anguish and despair Mt 27:3-5 See also Ezr 9:1-7; 10:1; Ps 40:11-12; Pr 28:17; La 1:20


3) Guilt produces feelings of shame and disgrace Ezr 9:6 See also Jer 23:38-40.


4) Guilt produces feelings of fear and terror Isa 6:1-7 See also Ge 3:8-10; Isa 33:14.


5) Guilt produces feelings of unworthiness Lk 15:21 See also Ezr 9:13-15; Ps 51:11 The fear of being cast out of God’s presence is the result of the psalmist’s sense of guilt; Lk 5:8; 1Co 15:9.





The removal of guilt is God’s work

Jer 2:22; 50:20; Ro 8:33 “Justify” is a legal term which includes the meaning “to declare not guilty”. See also 2Sa 24:10; 1Ch 21:8; Ps 32:1-5; Isa 6:1-6.



The removal of guilt requires confession

Ps 32:5 See also 2Sa 24:10 pp 1Ch 21:8; Ps 51:14; Jer 3:12-13; Ac 11:21; Ro 2:4; 2Ti 2:25; 1Jn 1:8-9.



The removal of guilt under the OT sacrificial system: 

1) Guilt removed by the guilt offering Lev 6:6-7 See also Lev 19:20-22; Ezr 10:18-19


2) Guilt removed by the sin offering Nu 15:27-28 See also Lev 5:5-6; Nu 6:9-11


3) Guilt removed by the Day of Atonement Lev 16:20-34


4) Animal sacrifices are ultimately ineffective in removing guilt Heb 10:1-4 See also Heb 9:9.



The removal of guilt by Jesus Christ’s sacrificial death

Isa 53:10-12 This prophecy finds its ultimate fulfillment in the person of Jesus Christ; Heb 9:14 See also Jn 1:29 The point of John’s image is that Jesus Christ will be sacrificed, as lambs were, to remove people’s guilt; Ro 5:9 The blood of Jesus Christ referred to here is his shed blood, and therefore speaks of his (sacrificial) death; 2Co 5:21 Human guilt is transferred to Jesus Christ, in order that believers might become righteous before God; Tit 2:14; Heb 9:28; 10:11-14; 1Jn 1:7.



The results of guilt being removed:

1) A clean conscience Heb 9:14; 10:22.


2) Peace with God Isa 53:5; Ro 5:1; Col 1:19-20.


3) Access into God’s presence Ro 5:1-2; Eph 2:18.


4) Joy Ps 32:1-11; Ro 5:1-2.


5) Hope Ro 5:1-2.


6) A desire to worship God Ps 51:14-15.


7) A desire to serve God Isa 6:6-8; Jn 21:15-20.