Central church of Christ 

New Smyrna Beach, Fl 

Sunday Bible Study, 9:00 a.m.    Sunday Worship, 10:00 a.m.     Wednesday Bible Study, 7:00p.m.

1st Peter

1st Peter


LESSON 1: Understanding Peter.

The Author


1)  The obvious author of this letter is ________________________________ (1 Pet 1:1).


2)  He is also known as

     a. ____________________________ and _______________________________ (John 1:42).

     b. _______________________________ (Acts 15:14).


3)  He had a __________________________ (1 Cor 9:5).


4)  He was a from the city of ________________________ (John 1:44), But he lived in ________________________ (Mark 1:21-31).


5)  His brother’s name was _________________________________ (John 1:40-41).


6)  Before they were called as disciples of Jesus, they were____________________ (Matt 4:18-20).


7)  They were both selected as apostles after Jesus had ___________________________________________________ (Lk 6:12-16).



His Key Characteristics


At first…


1)  He acknowledged that he was ____________________________________________ (Luke 5:8).


2)  Sometimes had little faith and was presumptuous (Matt. 16:22; John 13:8; 18:10) and timid (Matt. 14:30).


3)  Sometimes he was spiritually perceptive (Matt. 16:16; John 6:68).


4)  Inquisitive (Matthew 15:15; 18:21).


5)  Attained preeminence above the others. In the lists of the 12 just mentioned, Simon’s name always appears first, and Matthew 10:2 prefaces his name with “first.” Also, the Twelve are often designated “Peter and those with him” (Mk 1:35-38; Lk 9:32).


6)  Outspoken and often acted and spoke on behalf of the other disciples (Mk 9:1-5; Lk 8:45).


7)  Often displayed empty boldness (Matt 26:31-35; John 18:10-11).


8)  Often lacked the courage to be steadfast (Luke 22:54-62; Galatians 2:11-14).



His Key Characteristics

Later…



1)  He became a leader. Jesus said that He would give Peter _________________________________ (Matt 16:19; Acts 2:14-41; Acts 10).


2)  He was a minister to the ___________________________________________ (Galatians 2:7-8).


3)  Paul would later describe Peter as one of the ________________________ of the church in Jerusalem (Galatians 2:9).


4)  Displayed extraordinary courage and faith

     a.  After healing a lame man at the temple, he addressed the amazed crowd by boldly 

     giving glory to ________________________ and preached a heart convicting sermon demanding the people to ________________________ 

     (Acts 3:11-19).


     b.  He confidently defended his actions before the same council that was responsible for putting Jesus to 

     death. Upon seeing Peter and John’s boldness, the councils reaction was ____________________________________________ (Acts 4:1-14).


     c.  He condemned the deceitful actions of _____________________ and ___________________ (Acts 5:1-10). His boldness to address sin in the         church made a significant impression on the whole church (Acts 5:11).


     d.  After defying the command of High Priest and the Sadducees (to stop preaching in Jesus’ name) Peter and the 

     apostles responded boldly by saying, “_________________________

     ___________________________________________________________” (Acts 5:27-29).


     e.  He boldly defended his special ministry to the Gentiles (Acts 11).



5)  His death was special because ______________________________________________________________________________ (John 21:18-19).



Lesson 1 Questions


1)  What do you think was Peter’s greatest flaw?

2)  What do you think was his greatest strength?

3)   Is there a key characteristic of Peter’s that sticks out, when considering the spiritual journey that we as servants of Christ must all take?

    _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



    1st Peter


    LESSON 2: Understanding 1stPeter.


    The Audience

    Christians described as: “elect exiles, strangers,

    chosen, pilgrims, aliens.”




    The Dispersion 

    1)  Jewish and Gentile Christians scattered?
    2) Diaspora Jews? Diaspora, a Greek noun meaning a “sowing” or “scattering,” is regularly used 
         in the Septuagint to mean “exile” (Jer 25:34; cf. Is 11:12; Ez 20:23; Zep 3:10).

         a. Northern Kingdom of Israel (722 B.C. By the Assyrians).

         b. Southern Kingdom of Israel (586 B.C. By the Babylonians).

         c. Egyptian King Ptolemy I (deported Jews to Alexandria 300 B.C.)

         d. Rome deported many Jews to Rome. Many became slaves to Pompey.




    Pontus 

    1)  Roman Province just south of the Black Sea in Asia Minor.
    2)  Colonized by the Greeks shortly after 700 B.C..
    3)  Founded as a kingdom in about 302 B.C., and it remained until 63B.C. when Rome took over.
    4)  Home of Aquilla, the tentmaker (Acts 18:1-2).


    Galatia
    1)  In 25 B.C. Galatia became a Roman province: Included in its boundaries were Lycaonia, Derbe, 
         Lystra, Iconium, and Pisidian Antioch.
    2)  A cosmopolitan area of both Jews and Gentiles.
    3)  Known for: sturdy independence, revelings, an inquisitive disposition, easily impressed with 
         new ideas, easily turned, and fickleness.


    Cappadocia
    1)  Possibly the original home of the Philistines.
    2)  Noted for its wheat, cattle, and horses, it also exported alabaster, silver, and lead.
    3)  Possessed important many trade routes.
    4)  The area was controlled or dominated by the Hittites, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, 
          Seleucids, and Romans.
    5)  Was established as an imperial province, in 17 B.C. by (meaning that its governor was directly 
          appointed by the Roman Emperor). Emperor Tiberius.
    6)  Today the region of Cappadocia is in central Turkey, which is predominantly Muslim.


    Asia
    1)  Asia Minor (Modern Day Turkey). In NT times, the Roman province immediately east of the 
         Aegean Sea. The province was established in 133 B.C. out of the kingdom left to the Romans 
         in the will of Attalus III, king of Pergamum.
    2)  Paul taught the gospel to all of Asia (Acts 19:8-10; 1 Cor 16:8-9).
    3)  Jesus admonished 7 churches in Asia (Revelation 2-3).


    Bithynia
    1)  Bithynia was occupied by a Thracian tribe that established a prosperous kingdom there in the 
         3rd century B.C. In 75 B.C., Bithynia’s last king, (Nicomedes III), willed his kingdom to the 
         Roman people, it became part of the Roman empire.
    2)  Holy Spirit forbade Paul from traveling here on 2nd gospel tour (Acts 16:7).
    3)  Early in the 2nd century its Roman governor, Pliny the Younger, corresponded with emperor 
         Trajan—the earliest stated imperial policy on persecution of Christians.
    4)  The church councils of Nicaea (325) and Chalcedon (451) were held in two of Bithynia’s western cities.

    5)   Council of Nicaea declared the full deity of Christ and the observance of Easter.

    6)  Council of Chalcedon made pronouncements on the nature of the person of Christ and the canonicity 

          of the 27 NT books.




    Peter’s Message


    The readers of the apostle Peter’s letter were

    1)Confused and discouraged by the persecution they were encountering because of their faith.

    Peter exhorted them

    1)  To stand strong, repeatedly reminding them of Christ’s example, the riches of their inheritance 
          in him, and the hope of his returning again to take them to heaven.
    2)  Peter explained how Christians should respond when they suffer because of their beliefs.

    Called the “apostle of hope,” Peter’s primary message is to

    1)  Trust the Lord,
    2)  Live obediently no matter what your circumstances, and
    3)  Keep your hope fixed on God’s ultimate promise of deliverance.

    Suffering is to be expected, but it is temporary and yields great blessings for those who remain 

    steadfast. Peter probably wrote this letter in the mid-60s a.d. -ESV 1st Peter introduction



    Thematic Outline

    Chapter 1: Born Again.

    Chapter 2: You Are Special To God.

    Chapter 3: The Power of Submission.

    Chapter 4: Response To Suffering.

    Chapter 5: The Significance Shepherds During Trying Times.





    1st Peter


    LESSON 3: Born Again.

    (Read 1 Peter 1:1-25)


    I)  A brief summary of the new spiritual life (1 Pet 1:1-2).

        A) Elect. Is an important concept used throughout Scripture.

             1) Sometimes translated, “Chosen (one’s)”

             2) In Scripture, the word is primarily used to identify and describe God’s people.

                  a. O.T. Israel and its leaders (Acts 13:17; 1 Sam 10:24; 2 Sam 6:21).

             3) Israel became God’s people, not because they decided to belong to Him, but because 

                  He took the initiative and chose them. Nor did God’s choice rest on any particular

                  virtues that His people exemplified, but rather on His promise to their forefathers (Dt 7:7, 8).

             4) The word indicates God’s prerogative in deciding what will happen, independently of human 

                  choice. This does not however nullify human choice in response.

             5)  N.T. God’s people are described as “elect/chosen ones”

                  a. Used by Jesus (Mk 14:20,27; Lk18:7).

                  b. Used by N.T. writers (Ro 8:33; Eph 1:4; Col 3:12; 2 Tim 2:10; 1 Pet 1:1; 2 Pet 1:10; Rev 17:14).

             6) The use of the word “election” emphasizes that membership of God’s people is due to God’s 

                  initiative, prior to all human response, made before time began (Eph 1:4; Jn 15:16, 19). It is God 

                  who has called men and women to be His people, and those who respond are elect.

                  a. God’s call does not depend on any virtues or merits of humankind (Eph 2:8-9).

             7) Spiritual Duty Of The elect. The elect:

                  a. Are distinguished by their faith in God (Ti 1:1).

                  b. Are called to show the character that befits God’s people (Col 3:12).

                  c. Must make their calling and election sure (2 Pt 1:1-10).



    B)  God’s Foreknowledge. Is a key theme of salvation, throughout the N.T.

           1) It reveals the fact that God knew and determined beforehand what He would do 

                (Titus 1:1-3; Eph 1:3-5; 2Tim 1:8-10).

           2) It does not mean that God determined beforehand who would be saved and who would 

               be lost, without having a chance to respond—that would make God a respecter of persons 

               (Acts 10:34-35) and would conflict with His personal desire for the human race (1 Ti 2:1-6; 2 Pe 3:9).



    C) Spirit Sanctification.

          1) Translations

               a. nasb: “by the sanctifying work of the Spirit…”

               b. leb: “by the sanctification of the Spirit…”

          2) The Spirit’s Role in Sanctification of the Saints

               a. Through His Word & spiritual transformation (Ac 2:38-39; Titus 3:4-7).

               b. Spiritual identification & fellowship (1 Cor 6:9-11; Ro 8:9-16).



    D) Obedience to Jesus Christ.

           1) This was in accordance to God’s plan all along.

               a. Genesis 49:10.

               b. John 3:35-36.

               c. Romans 15:18.

               d. Hebrews 5:9.



    E) For Sprinkling With His Blood

         1) This refers to “Covenant Language.”

              a. Exo 24:1-8.

              b. Hebrews 9.




    II)  The Relationship of Trials to God’s Purpose in Salvation (1 Pet 1:3-12)

           A) The Blessings of Salvation (1 Pet 1:3-5)

                  1) According to Peter, why should God the Father be highly blessed, because of his mercy?

                  2) How does the resurrection of Christ provide His followers with a “Living Hope?” 

                       (consider Rom 1:4; 1 Cor 15:17-23; 1 Thes 4:13-18).

                  3) Peter’s audience suffered displacement and experienced uncertainty about their future. 

                      How could revelation of this inheritance (1:4-5) become a sense of comfort for

                      them? For us?


           B) The Reality of Trials (1 Pet 1:6-9)

                 1) Trials will come despite the blessedness of our current and future status in Christ. 

                     How long will God’s people be grieved by them, compared to eternity? (1 Pet 1:6).

                     a) Do you think that some of these “Various Trials” may refer to more than persecution 

                         and encompass the full range of human experience: sickness, injury, natural disaster, 

                         financial loss, poverty, hunger, and death?

                 2) The ultimate glory that God’s people will receive is so stupendous that the sufferings of 

                      this present time are… (Ro 8:18).



           C) Strengthening Confidence During Trials (1 Pet 1:10-12)

                  1) Our salvation was the subject of ancient prophecy (1 Pet. 1:10a).

                  2) The ancient prophets were intrigued about our salvation, tried to learn more about it 

                      (1 Pet. 1:10-11).

                  3) The ancient prophets gave up their lives to serve us! (1 Pet. 1:12).

                  4) Even the angles of heaven are excited about our salvation! (1 Pet. 1:12).


    How does this make you feel?




    III)  Continue To Live As You Were Taught! (1 Pet. 1:13-25)
            A) Stay Spiritually Focused (1 Pet. 1:13-14).
                   1) “Therefore, preparing your minds for action…” This idiom, which is often 
                       rendered as “gird up the loins of your mind,” refers to the ancient practice of 
                       men tucking their long robes into their belt when they needed to move quickly. 
                       What does this say about the life of Jesus’ followers? (see also Luke 12:35-40).
                   2) What does it mean to be sober-minded (1 Pet 1:13-17) and How does it relate to this?
                   3)  Does the substance of our redemption have a bearing on our behavior? If so, how 
                        and why? (1 Pet 1:18-19).
                     4) How is one’s soul purified? How should purification of the soul affect my concern 
                          for others? (1 Pet 1:22-23).
                      5) How does Peter describe the Word that had been taught to these dispersed exiles?



      1st Peter


      LESSON 4: You Are Special To God.

      (Read 1 Peter 2:1-25)

      I)  We Are A Special, Precious People To God (1 Pet 2:1-12)
           A)  Like all parents, God wants us to feed and grow on the best nourishment (1 Pet 2:1-3; 2 Tim 3:16-17).
                 1) Why must the sinful carnal things mentioned in verse 1 be put away from us—Think about 
                     raising a precious innocent child, why would you want it to avoid certain attitudes and 
                     behaviors? (consider 1 Samuel 2:12-36; 8:1-5).

           B)  Rejected By The World, Accepted and Cherished By God (1 Pet 2:4-10)
                1)  Jesus is described as choice and precious living stone, a cornerstone to be exact.                
                     Because we are in Christ, we are also described as living stones—functioning as 
                     building blocks in the spiritual house of God (1 Pet 2:5; Eph 2:19-22). How should 
                     we feel about such a great honor?          

                2)  Who provided the cornerstone? (Isaiah 28:16). How should we feel about this? (Psa 118:22-23).


                 3)  Christ: the solid foundation for our lives.
                      a.  The wise man built his house upon the _____________, The foolish man built his house upon 
                           the __________________. What else do we build in life that needs Christ as its foundation?

                     b.  On Christ the solid ____________ I stand, all other ground is ___________________________________. What are some 
                           key decisions and or situations in life where I need to make my stand with the Lord?

                     c.  Some build their hopes on the ever drifting ___________________ some on their fame or their treasure 
                          or their land. Mine’s on the ______________ that forever shall stand, Jesus the _____________________________. 
                          Identify some specific examples in the O.T. where the Lord supported His people like a 
                          solid Rock.

                 4)  The cornerstone (or foundation stone or setting stone) is the first stone set in the construction 
                      of a masonry foundation, important since all other stones will be set in reference to this stone, 
                      thus determining the position of the entire structure. What do you think would happen to any 
                      structure should its builders refuse to acknowledge and take advantage of the cornerstone? 
                      What do you think will happen to people in general, who attempt to build their lives without 
                       the Chief Cornerstone? (see 1 Pet 2:7-8; Matt 21:44). 

                 5)  How are Christians “a royal priesthood?” (consider 1 Pet 2:5, 9; Rev 1:4-6; Heb Heb 7:12-22; 13:15-16). 

                 6)  As spiritual priests under the New Covenant, what are we to proclaim (1 Pet 2:9). According to 
                       Malachi, what is required of priests? (Malachi 2:7).

                 7)  In view of 1 Pet 2:11, what are some of the “Passions (lusts) of the flesh” that wage war against our 
                      souls? (see the following passages for support: Eccl 2:1-17; 1 Thess 4:1-8; 1 Tim 6:9-10; Heb 12:1; 
                      1 Jn 2:15-16). What should we do? (Rom 13:14).

                 8)  What does giving glory to God on account of His people’s honorable conduct have to say about 
                       the wisdom of God? (consider 1 Pet 2:12; Deut 4:5-8).


      II)  We Are Special People To God—Vital to the Gospel Call: Live As Such (1 Pet 2:13-25)
             A)  Being in subjection to human institutions of government (Consider the following 
                    passages. What do they teach us about attitude towards government?
                    1)  Exo 22:28. ________________________________________________________


                   2)  Matt 20:15-21. ____________________________________________________


                   3)  Rom 13:5-7. ______________________________________________________



             B)  Live as free people… (1 Pet 2:16). In Christ we enjoy freedoms. But not as motivation to sin 

                   (study Rom 5:20-21; 6:1-23).

                   1)  What do these passages say about Christian freedom?
                        a.  2 Corinthians 3:17:
                        b.  Galatians 5:1.
                        c.  Galatians 2:4-5.
                        d.  Galatians 5:13.

                   2)  What message do you think Peter is trying to sum up in 2:17? 
                         (Consider Rom 12:17-18).

           C)  In Chapter 1 Peter identifies the blessing of suffering through various trials for one’s faith 
                  as an opportunity to strengthen one’s faith and allegiance to Christ—resulting in eternal 
                  salvation (see 1 Pet 1:6-9). What impression does it make upon God, when He sees that 
                  one willingly endures suffering—through mindfulness of Him? (see 1 Pet 2:18-20). 
                  (consider Job’s attitude: Jms 4:7-11).

                  1)  How can Jesus provide guidance, strength and endurance to those who suffer under such 
                       conditions? (see 1 Peter 2:21-25; Heb 12:2-3).




      1st Peter

      LESSON 5: The Power Of Submission.

      (Read 1 Peter 3:1-22)

      I)  God’s People Are Submissive
           A)  In the marriage relationship (1 Pet 3:1-7)
                  1)  Peter’s Teachings vs social norms.
                       a.  At the time 1 Peter was written, Christians were likely viewed as challenging social 
                            norms—and this may have been one of the main reasons why they were persecuted. 
                            Peter’s statement about wives being in subjection to unbelieving husbands presented 
                            an enormous challenge for some Christian wives —because in Roman tradition, the 
                            husband usually decided which religion his family would follow. During this time, 
                            Christian wives were called upon to balance countering culture and social norms with 
                            being in subjection to their husbands.
                      b.  To be in subjection means to obey or cooperate voluntarily with someone else out of 
                            love and respect for God and that person. We may have to sometimes submit in 
                            unpleasant circumstances so that others will see Jesus.
                      c.   Christian submission never requires us to disobey God, undermine His values, or 
                            violate our God-guided conscience. (Ac 4:19; 5:29; Ga 2:4,5; Ro 14:23; 1 Ti 1:19).
                      d.  One-sided submission requires great strength, from self and the Lord (1 Pet 3:1).
                      e.   Peter doesn’t say that believing wives should pressure their husbands into converting 
                            to Christ. Instead, their godly conduct (v 1-2) should demonstrate the truth of the 
                            gospel—without a word.
                      f.   Consider the following passages below, what do they teach us about the kind of godly 
                            conduct necessary to possibly convert others?
                            1.  What kind of religion should others see in us? (James 1:26-27; Titus 2:7,8).
                            2.  What kind of prayer life should others see in us? (1 Thes 5:17; 1 Tim 2:1-4).
                            3.  What kind of respectful attitude should others see in us? (Romans 13:7).

                      g.  In verses 3 and 4 Peter addresses the power of women’s person and influence. What is 
                            the essence of a true woman? This cannot be defined by cultural norms or what a 
                            particular society deems acceptable in any given generation. Christian women shouldn’t 
                            define themselves based upon secular standards. The apostle Paul said that a women’s 
                            adorning should reflect what? (see 1 Tim 2:9-10).
                      h.  How does God feel about godly wives who adorn themselves in this way? (1 Pet 3:4).
                      i.   What must true children of Sarah not fear, in order to continue doing what is good/ 
                            right? (1 Pet 3:6).

                2)  According to 1 Pet 3:7 Peter says that a husband and wife are heirs together of the grace of life. 
                     (Why do you think he phrases it that way? See (Matt 19:5). Since this is the case, and the 
                     husband is to be the spiritual leader in the Marriage relationship, how does Peter say 
                     husbands should live (dwell) with their wives?

                3)  If husbands fail to fulfill these obligations, what will be the consequence? (see 1 Pet 3:7).



      II)  Submission To Godly Virtue (1 Pet 3:8-17)
            A)  Among fellow Saints (1 Pet 3:8)
                  1)  According to Peter, what qualities of character are vital for Christians to submit to one 
                      another in unity?

            B)  To Righteousness amid unrighteousness (1 Pet 3:9-17)
                  1)  How should we deal with evil done to us? (see also Mat 5:38-48).


                  2)  Personal revenge is never justified (Rom 12:19). Two wrongs never make a “right.” 
                       Sin is always unacceptable before God. So, if we “desire to love life and see good 
                       days,” we must refrain from sinful attitudes and behaviors which often lead to 
                       unrighteous retribution (1 Pet 3:10-11).

                  3)  How can verse 12 be a motivation to avoid repaying evil for evil, and to seek peace 
                       (Rom 12:8) and pursue it?


                  4)  Peter points out the fact that most people are not harmed for living rightly (1 Pet 3:13) 
                        as does Paul in his letter to the Christians in Rome (13:3). However, what if we were 
                        to suffer for doing what’s right (1 Pet 3:14), what possible role does v. 15 play in such 
                        circumstances? (consider Job 2:9,10).

                  5)  According to Peter, why is keeping a good conscience important, especially in these 
                       circumstances? (1 Pet 3:16). (see also 1 Tim 1:19; Heb 13:18).


                  6)  Why is it better to suffer for doing good than for doing evil? (Ro 13:3-5; 2:5,9)

      _



      III)  Look To Jesus’s Example of Humble Submissiveness (1 Pet 3:18-22)
              A)  Consider the outcomes of Jesus’ Submissiveness:
                     1)  He submitted to the Father’s will—that He suffer and die to for our sins. According to 
                          Peter, what was the intended outcome, i.e. that he might bring us where?


                    2)  Proclaiming His Victory: Because Jesus faithfully submitted to the Father’s plan and 
                         didn’t resist His will, He was victorious! He shared the news of this victory (vs 18-20). 
                          This is one of those passages of Scripture that has been difficult for some to understand. 
                          There have been many attempts to explain these verses. Bro Mark Copeland, who preaches 
                          and serves as an elder in Kissimmee, Fl gives some valuable insight regarding this….


      THE VIEW OF CLEMENT OF ALEXANDRIA (200 A.D.)

      BASIC ELEMENTS... That Christ went to Hades in His spirit between His death and His resurrection. That He proclaimed the message of salvation to the souls of sinners imprisoned there since the flood.


      MAJOR DIFFICULTIES... This view would suggest that for some reason these souls were given a "second chance." Whereas the Bible consistently teaches against such an idea..."it is appointed for men to die once, but after this the judgment" - He 9:27. Peter himself later wrote that the wicked souls before the flood were being "reserved... under punishment for the day of judgment" - 2Pe 2:4-5,9. Why would people before the flood be given a second chance when those after the flood are not?



      THE VIEW OF AUGUSTINE (400 A.D.)

      BASIC ELEMENTS... That the "pre-existent" Christ in His spirit proclaimed salvation through Noah to the people who lived before the flood. We know that Noah was "a preacher of righteousness" in his day - 2Pe 2:5. We know that the Spirit of Christ was at work in O.T. prophets - 1Pe 1:10-11. This view is held by many brethren today.


      MAJOR DIFFICULTIES... The wording of Peter would more naturally suggest that he is speaking of... The Christ who was "put to death in the flesh but made alive by the Spirit." I.e., the "crucified & resurrected" Christ, not the "pre-incarnate" Christ. Also, the wording would more naturally suggest the preaching occurred... To the spirits "in prison", not before they were imprisoned. When they "formerly were disobedient", not during their disobedience [Augustine's view dominated the theological scene for centuries, but then other views were presented...]



      THE VIEW OF CARDINAL BELLARMINE (1600 A.D.)

      BASIC ELEMENTS... That in His spirit Christ went to release the souls of the RIGHTEOUS who repented before the flood and had been kept in "LIMBO." In Catholic theology, "limbo" is the place between heaven and hell, where the souls of the O.T. saints were kept


      MAJOR DIFFICULTIES... The Bible is silent about a place such as "limbo." The "spirits" under discussion by Peter were "disobedient" in "the days of Noah"... According to Ge 6:5-13; 7:1, only Noah and his family were righteous. If others had repented, would they not also have been on the ark? I.e., there were no righteous before the flood save Noah and his family!



      THE VIEW OF FRIEDRICH SPITTA (1900 A.D.)

      BASIC ELEMENTS... After His death and BEFORE His resurrection, Christ preached to "fallen angels", also known as "sons of God", who during Noah's time had married "daughters of men" This view is based upon a particular interpretation of Ge 6:1-4... Job 1:6; 2:1 is offered as evidence that angels are sometimes referred to as "sons of God" Jude 6, also, is offered as referring to "fallen angels" in the days of Noah. Because it sounds very similar to references in a book called I Enoch, which expounds in detail the idea that the "sons of God" in Ge 6 were "fallen angels." And Jude seems to quote directly from this book in Ju 14,15. Josephus, a Jewish historian born in 37 A.D., took a similar view of Ge 6 This view is held by many Protestant scholars


      MAJOR DIFFICULTIES... In responding to the Sadducees, Jesus taught that angels of God do not marry - Mt 22:30. Of course, Jesus may have been referring to angels who "keep their proper domain", and do not leave "their own habitation. "If righteous angels could temporarily take on human form to deliver God's message (as in the case described in Ge 18:1-8; 19:1-3) where they ate food... It might have been possible for "fallen angels" to take on human form and cohabitate as some believe Ge 6 suggests. But it just as feasible to understand Ge 6 differently... That the "sons of God" were the descendants of Seth (i.e., godly people), and the "daughters of men" were descendants of Cain (ungodly people). This view stays clear of speculation which can easily take on mythological proportions!



      THE VIEW OF SOME CONTEMPORARY COMMENTATORS (PRESENT)

      BASIC ELEMENTS... That the resurrected Christ, WHEN HE ASCENDED INTO HEAVEN, proclaimed to imprisoned spirits his victory over death. That the exalted Christ passed through the realm where the fallen angels are kept and proclaimed His triumph over them (Ep 6:12; Col 2:15 is offered as support for this view). This interpretation has met favorable response in both Protestant and Roman Catholic circles. More importantly, this view is in beautiful harmony with Peter's wording and context...


      MAJOR DISTINCTIONS...

      • The preaching was made by Jesus Himself (not through Noah).
      • The preaching was made by Jesus AFTER "being put to death in the flesh" (not in His pre-incarnate form).
      • The preaching was made by Jesus AFTER He was "made alive by the Spirit" (i.e., after His resurrection, not           
             during the three-day period between death and resurrection)
      • The preaching was made to "THE SPIRITS" Not to "the spirits of men" (which is how the souls or spirits of men  
             are commonly referred to, notice He 12:23; Re 6:9; 20:4), But rather to "angelic spirits"
      • The preaching was made to them "IN PRISON" (that there are angels so bound is clearly taught in 2Pe 2 and Jude).
      • The preaching was made to them who were "FORMERLY DISOBEDIENT ...IN THE DAYS OF NOAH" This               view does not require that the rebellious angels were the "sons of God" in Ge 6. But simply were somehow                       disobedient at that time (as some were later during Christ's time)
      • The preaching was a proclamation of victory over death, not an offer of a second chance to a select few!




      III)  Look To Jesus’s Example of Humble Submissiveness (1 Pet 3:18-22)
              A)  “Baptism… now saves you?”
                     1)  How does baptism relate to the salvation story of Noah and his family?


                     2)  Where is Christ now, and what was the ultimate outcome for His 
                           submissiveness to the will of the Father?